Distribution: Red-shouldered Hawks are found throughout the eastern United States and in parts of California.
Size: Red-shouldered Hawks are 15-19 inches long, weigh 1-2 pounds, and have a wingspan up to 3 1/2 feet. Males are about 1/3 smaller than females.
Diet: These hawks eat small mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and sometimes insects, crustaceans, and fish.
Lifespan: Red-shouldered Hawks in the wild average a 2 year lifespan. The oldest known wild Red-shouldered was almost 20 years old.
Reproduction: Red-shouldered Hawks first breed at two years of age. They build stick nests about half-way up a tree, near the trunk, and lay 2-4 eggs. Both parents incubate for about 33 days. Young fledge around 5-6 weeks of age.
Did You Know?
- The Barred Owl is the Red-shouldered Hawk's nocturnal counterpart. They occupy the same type of territory and feed on the same type of prey.