Abyssinian Ground Hornbill
"Beaker" plays with a feather
Distribution: Abyssinian Ground Hornbills are found in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Size: Abyssinian Ground Hornbills are about 3 feet tall, can have a wingspan of 6 feet, and weigh 8-9 pounds.
Diet: Hornbills typically forage as they walk along on the ground and eat small animals such as lizards, snakes, rodents, and insects, as well as some fruits and seeds.
Lifespan: Abyssinian Ground Hornbills can live for 40 years in the wild.
Reproduction: Reproductive age is around four years. Nests are on or near the ground in tree trunks or stumps. The female lays two eggs, which she incubates for a month while the male brings her food. The two babies compete for food, and after a few days one of them dies from starvation. Chicks remain in the nest for three months but may still be fed by the parents for nine months.
Did You Know?
- Male hornbills have red on their throat pouch while females' pouches are all blue.
- Abyssinian Ground Hornbills are listed as a vulnerable species and can only be found in reserves.
- These birds prefer to walk or run. They typically only fly when startled or upon encountering tall or dense vegetation.
- Hornbills are the only birds with the first two neck vertebrae fused together.
- Hornbills have long eyelashes which are actually modified feathers!